VERY DISTURBING: US Gives China Eminent Domain Over US Property

US Gives China Eminent
Domain Over US Property
Beyond High Treason
A. True Ott, PhD, ND
2-28-9
https://rense.com/general85/give.htm

Let’s connect some dots today, boys and girls to learn about the HIGHEST POSSIBLE TREASON that has happened in this country.

THIS IS AS REAL AND AS UGLY AS IT CAN GET.

Dot #1 China begins its covert war on the FREE American republic in the 1950’s by taking over much of the PHARMACEUTICAL DRUG manufacturing for American and British Big Pharma. This is an outgrowth of the Rothschild’s OPIUM RING PROCESSING by the British West Indies company during the 1800’s, and is brokered by the “City of London” and Washington D.C.

Dot #2 Arch-illuminist and satanist Henry Kissinger “normalizes” trade relations with China during the Nixon years.

Dot #3 Eventual LDS (Mormon) Church President Gordon B. Hinckley, via the church-owned Polynesian Cultural Center in Hawaii, establishes a “hard currency” pipeline with Bejing, exchanging bank “trade credits” for CIA/BRITISH MI6 DRUG SERVICES RENDERED into hard GOLD AND SILVER while hiding behind the cloak of “World Religion”. This is facilitated via the LDS-Church built and controlled “Shenzhen Special Economic Zone” adjacent to Hong Kong. When Hinckley is made LDS President, his first “official” visit as “World Prophet” is to China, where the Chinese Communist leaders give him a hero’s welcome and a confetti parade. (See attached paper — “Pensees of a Puzzled Pilgrim” pp 5-6 and Desert News, June 1, 1996 article: “President Hinckley Visits China”).

Dot #4 Arkansas natives Bill Clinton and Sam Walton massively increase contracts with China’s factories over 2,000%. This results in a tremendous imbalance of trade with China. Thanks to the Mormon “Special Economic Zone” — China’s communist leaders begin amassing incredible “real” wealth in gold and silver.

Dot #5 China purchases TRILLIONS of dollars worth of U.S. Treasury Bills and Bonds, paying for it with gold and silver provided by the Shenzhen Economic Zone exchanges. Much of the U.S. “national debt” is purchased from the private “Federal Reserve” banks in this manner.

Dot #6 Dr. Jeff Taubenberger of the U.S. Institute of Pathology in Ft. Dedrick MD, (The world headquarters for biologic weapons development) successfully maps the genome of the 1918 killer “flu” virus responsible for the 1918 “pandemic” that killed millions.
The worst killer virus ever to plague mankind is now ready to be used as a covert “weapon” disguised as a natural “influenza” mutations.

Dot #6 July, 2005: The Illuminati-conrolled United Nations announces that the world is long over-due for an “influenza pandemic”. The H5N1 “Avian Flu” is wrongfully demonized as a COVER.

Dot #7 December 2005: The Chinese Defense Minister, Chi Haotiaon delivers a speech to the Chinese military leaders outlining the inevitable “expansion” of China into Canada, the U.S., and Australia — He justifies this because of Chinese racial “superiority” and thus “emminent domain”. To accomplish this, American would first have to be “Cleansed” by means of a powerful “biological weapon” — causing 150 -200 MILLION AMERICAN DEATHS!!! The plan would be enacted AFTER the symbolic OLYMPIC GAMES beginning at the sacred day of 8-08-08 are concluded. China begins buying oil and gas futures, spiking the worldwide prices to historic levels.

Dot #8 March 13, 2008: A secret meeting is conducted for the U.S. House and Senate. Agents of the Club of Rome give a preview of upcoming events to elected officials who first swear an oath of secrecy. The traitors are briefed that the economy will begin its collapse in October, 2008 — and will TOTALLY collapse in mid 2009. As events unfold in 2009-2010, Congress was told of the real possibily of massive civil unrest and even Civil War being waged. Detention camps constructed to imprison civil ‘agitators’. See http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/node/34877
for the complete meeting agenda.

Dot #9 In September, 2008 — as soon as the Olympics are concluded, China stops buying oil and gas futures while dumping U.S. Treasury bills and bonds. Gasoline prices plummet, while the U.S. mortgage loan money becomes tightly constricted. The Club of Rome’s agenda is being implemented perfectly.

Dot #10 In October, just as explained in March, the economy indeed begins its collapse with mortgage banks going bankrupt as the Chinese dump their U.S. Securities. This causes a world-wide “rush to liquidity” as money supplies DRASTICALLY tighten.

Dot #11 Billions of worthless U.S. Government “bailout” debit entries are given to bolster failing U.S. Banks. These are “worthless” because China now controls most of the U.S. “REAL” wealth in the form of gold and silver. China refuses to continue investing credit loans to the U.S. Treasury.


Dot #12 Barack Hussein Obama is elected, promising “Change you can believe in.” After taking office in January, Obama sends Hillary Clinton on a critical mission to China and helps write H.R. 45 — a complete grab of America’s guns ala Adolph Hitler. State leaders who understand what Clinton and Obama agenda with China is about, are seeking legal “Sovereignty” to prevent the loss of property to a foreign power.


Dot #13 China agrees to continue investing in U.S. Treasury Bills only after securing the right of “eminent domain” to physically repossess foreclosed American PRIVATE PROPERTY. This move is the equivalent of an unconditional surrender following a bloody war.

This also gives the Chinese military the LEGAL RIGHT to use biological weaponry to “Clean up America all at once”. It gives them the legal right to use deadly force in removing trespassing Americans from occupying Chinese real estate.

Connect these 13 evil dots, and this is what you get:

FEDS GRANT EMINENT DOMAIN AS COLLATERAL TO CHINA FOR U.S. DEBTS

BEIJING, China — Sources at the United States Embassy in Beijing China have just CONFIRMED that the United States of America has tendered to China a written agreement which grants to the People’s Republic of China, an option to exercise Eminent Domain within the USA, as collateral for China’s continued purchase of US Treasury Notes and existing US Currency reserves.


The written agreement was brought to Beijing by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and was formalized and agreed-to during her recent trip to China.

This means that in the event the US Government defaults on its financial obligations to China, the Communist Government of China would be permitted to physically take — inside the USA — land, buildings, factories, perhaps even entire cities – to satisfy the financial obligations of the US government.

Put simply, the feds have now actually mortgaged the physical land and property of all citizens and businesses in the United States. They have given to a foreign power, their Constitutional power to “take” all of our property, as actual collateral for continued Chinese funding of US deficit spending and the continued carrying of US national debt.

This is an unimaginable betrayal of every man, woman and child in the USA. An outrage worthy of violent overthrow.

————– UPDATE 1:40 pm EST

Eminent Domain is the power of government to TAKE private property for public use without the consent of the property owner. Under our Constitution, the government can only “take” when providing “just compensation” for what they’ve taken.

Who decides what constitutes “just compensation?” The government!

Homeowners who felt the government was not paying them enough for property in past “takings” have filed lawsuits. In absolutely every such case, the value placed upon the property by the government was upheld by the courts.

Our federal government has now granted to China, this power to “take”our homes and businesses in the event the US Gov’t defaults on its debts. Let’s play this out as a worst case scenario. . . .

The US Gov’t goes belly-up and China comes in and says, “they owed us $2 Trillion in Treasury Notes and another $2 Trillion in actual cash money which is now worthless. We are taking the entire state of Hawaii and the entire state of California in lieu of this bad debt. ”

With the stroke of a Chinese chop stick, Hawaii and California — all the land and buildings in those states — are now owned by China.

The “taking” would be a “valid public use” because it was “taken” in payment of the public debt!!!!

China could then turn around and declare the value of all that land to be worth. . . . . I dunno, ten cents on a dollar?

For your $200,000 house, you get a Chinese check for $20,000.

Needless to say, the property owners would go ballistic and demand “just compensation” for what was taken. Who gets to decide what is “just?” China! Don’t think you got a fair price for what they took? No problem, sue China.

You’ll lose.

People who live in those states and own their land outright, might be able to negotiate with China to “rent” back their own property, as long as the property owner continued to pay all his taxes; but the land and buildings would belong to China.


This is what our own Government has just done to us and it is the single most vile act of betrayal in the history of human existence.

————- SECOND UPDATE 3:48 PM

In early February nine U.S. States began the process of re- asserting their Sovereignty pursuant to the Ninth and Tenth Amendments to the US Constitution; declaring null and void any actions by Congress that violated the Constitution.

The states took action to make certain the feds couldn’t give away cities or the states themselves!

This situation is going to get VERY ugly, VERY fast as one sovereign power (the feds) try to literally give away the land of other sovereign powers, (the states). This is the type of thing that starts Civil War.

Our present federal government makes the treachery and betrayal of Benedict Arnold look like child’s play.

China Speaks (pdf)

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Voter Fraud: 670 Ballots Cast in Georgia Precinct with 276 Voters (There’s No Place Like Home!)


Image Credits: Joe Raedle / Getty.

Voter Fraud: 670 Ballots Cast in Georgia Precinct with 276 Voters
Voting irregularities come as state investigated other instances of voter fraud
Katherine Rodriguez | Breitbart – August 8, 2018 0 Comments
Voter Fraud: 670 Ballots Cast in Georgia Precinct with 276 Voters
https://www.infowars.com/voter-fraud-670-ballots-cast-in-georgia-precinct-with-276-voters/

Six hundred and seventy ballots were cast in a Georgia precinct with 276 registered voters in the state’s primary election, according to the Georgia Secretary of State’s office.

A northeastern Georgia precinct located in Habersham County had 276 registered voters before the state’s primary elections at the end of May, but 670 votes were recorded—indicating that 276 percent of voters turned out in Georgia’s primary election, McClatchy reported.

The recently publicized voting irregularities come as the state investigated other instances of voter fraud—including one where an Atlanta City Hall staffer claimed she had to “print and deliver 500 blank absentee ballots” to an advocacy group staffer and pick up additional ballots from the Atlanta mayor’s campaign office to drop them off at an office in Fulton County.

FAMILY CALLS FOR HELP WITH SUICIDAL CHILD, COPS SHOW UP AND KILL HIM

FAMILY CALLS FOR HELP WITH SUICIDAL CHILD, COPS SHOW UP AND KILL HIM
Published: July 15, 2018

https://www.blacklistednews.com/article/67142/family-calls-for-help-with-suicidal-child-cops-show-up-and-kill.html

SOURCE: THE FREE THOUGHT PROJECT
(Support Free Thought) – Chanhassen, MN – A family is devastated after they called the police to help their 16-year-old son and the officers who responded shot and killed him instead, highlighting an ongoing trend in which the officers who promise to “serve and protect” their community are taking the lives of its most vulnerable members.

Archer Amorosi was killed on Friday morning after his parents reached out to the same police officers who said they would help with no questions asked, as the teenager was battling mental health issues, and appeared to be suicidal. His father told KARE 11 News that the family called a crisis hotline and the police on Thursday, and then called the police again on Friday, which resulted in the fatal encounter.

“My ex-wife called them because they said if they came back they would take him in for an evaluation. They said wouldn’t ask questions. Instead, they killed him,” His father said.

It is unclear whether there is video footage of the shooting, as reports claim that the Carver County Sheriff’s Office does not use body cameras—however, the scene may have been recorded by the dash camera on one of the squad cars.

The Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension (BCA) agency is already attempting to defend the unnamed officers responsible for Amorosi’s death, by claiming that the deputies used a Taser on the teenager before two of them opened fire with their guns.

Amorosi was pronounced dead at the scene, and while reports claim that police were called after he threatened his mother with knives and a baseball bat, a family friend told The Free Thought Project that Amorosi was unarmed, and was killed because he tried to get up off of the ground.

“My daughter spoke directly with a close friend of the mother of Archer, the mom specifically told her that he was unarmed, that they shot him for trying to get back up,” the friend said.

While the public waits for more details to be released, the community is heartbroken and the Associated Press reported that “distraught relatives were openly crying in the driveway of the home” and that “people coming and going from the home said they were friends and classmates of the teen but declined to comment until the family had decided to do so.”

Amorosi was preparing to start his junior year at Minnetonka High School, where he was an active member of the student body and he played football and lacrosse. The school’s principal, Jeff Erickson, released a statement via email sharing his condolences regarding the devastating loss of the young student.

“It has been widely reported in the local media that MHS incoming junior, Archer Amorosi, passed away Friday,” Erickson wrote. “This situation is heartbreaking and I want to extend my thoughts and prayers to Archer’s parents and family, his friends, and the entire Minnetonka High School community. I know this situation is particularly devastating to those of you who knew Archer well.”

Rest easy Archer 💙 pic.twitter.com/ljiR3jAMAL

— Minnetonka HS Lax (@MHSLaxCapts) July 13, 2018
As shocking and heartbreaking as this loss is, it is, unfortunately, not uncommon in the United States. Even if the boy had threatened to take his own life at one point, his life was ultimately taken by the officers who were supposed to help him and to talk him down off of the ledge.

Today I lost a Brother 😓 I was just talking to Archer the other day and we was talking bout the good times we had during football. This day came to early 🤦🏾‍♂️😓 Long Live Archer A 7-13-18 🙌🏾 Love you boa watch over us 🙏🏾@archeramorosi pic.twitter.com/MVC9qdno6o

— Carvon T Gurley (@GurleyCarvon) July 13, 2018
As The Free Thought Project has reported, while police officers receive extensive training on how to accurately fire their weapons, they often receive very little training on how to handle mentally ill individuals, or how to de-escalate situations where a person claims to be suicidal.

In the case of Archer Amorosi, many of the details are still unclear, and it remains to be seen whether the public will be able to see the video footage of the shooting, or whether the officers responsible will be held accountable for their actions.

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Kennesaw, Georgia has solved America’s gun crime problem by legally requiring all citizens to own and carry a gun. (A shame DeKalb County Didn’t Join Them!)


Nation’s Safest Town Requires Citizens To Own A Gun
16MAR 2018
Rape Whistle
Kennesaw, Georgia has solved America’s gun crime problem by legally requiring all citizens to own and carry a gun.
Nation’s Safest Town Requires Citizens To Own A Gun

The Kennesaw, Georgia, law states that “every head of household residing in the city limits is required to maintain a firearm.”

Dailycaller.com reports: “It was meant to be kind of a crime deterrent,” Kennesaw Police Lt. Craig Graydon, a 30-year law enforcement veteran, told CNN.

“It was also more or less a political statement because the city of Morton Grove, Illinois, passed a city ordinance banning handguns from their city limits.”

Did You Know That Chicago’s “Gun Free Zone” Has A Las Vegas Massacre Every Month?

As for would-be criminals looking for an easy mark, judging by the crime statistics it seems most have bypassed the Georgia town and moved on to easier targets. Even CNN was forced to admit that Kennesaw, populated by 33,000 people, has only had “one murder in the last six years and a violent crime rate of below 2%.”

“But,” writes CNN, “it’s unclear whether that has anything to do with the gun law.”

Kennesaw’s mayor sees it differently.

“If you’re going to commit a crime in Kennesaw and you’re the criminal — are you going to take a chance that that homeowner is a law-abiding citizen?” asked Mayor Derek Easterling.

“It gives me the ability to protect myself as opposed to being somewhere where you weren’t allowed to have a firearm or it was frowned upon,” said Wayne Arnold, a local resident who is a fan of the law.

With the gun issue being in the spotlight of late, town officials have been getting plenty of attention from all over the world about their law.

“We get a lot of calls, conversation, and it seems to keep crime control, gun safety, things like that on the minds of many of the residents, because people are constantly talking about the gun law,” Lt. Graydon told CNN. “So that’s been somewhat of a benefit to us.”

Arnold noted the expectation of a “Wild West” environment with everyone walking around “with a firearm strapped to their side.”

“And it’s not like that,” said Arnold. “It’s strictly a home defense system type of deal. There’s no shootouts down the street.”

And a lot less crime than your average American city.

YourNewsWire

Wyatt Earp
Guns Save 2,191 Lives Each Day In The US: FBI ~ 32 Guns Purchased Every Minute In The US
Related News:

Delaware Supreme Court Nullifies Unconstitutional Gun Ban!
States Effectively Render Any New Federal Gun Control Schemes Powerless!
States Can Stop Cornyn’s Unconstitutionally Proposed Federal Gun Control Measures In Their Tracks

Delaware Supreme Court Sums Up Entire Gun Debate In Ruling

Delaware Supreme Court Sums Up Entire Gun Debate In Ruling
https://bearingarms.com/tom-k/2017/12/18/delaware-supreme-court-sums-entire-gun-debate-ruling/
Posted at 6:00 pm on December 18, 2017 by Tom Knighton

(Photo by the Associated Press)

It’s not often that a court captures a debate perfectly in a sentence or two. After all, most debates are complex things that require layers of discussion.

However, the Delaware State Supreme Court just lowered the boom on restrictions that kept lawfully owned and carried firearms out of state parks. In the process, they summed up what we’ve been saying for years regarding firearms and gun control laws.

The Superior Court earlier upheld the ban based on the “important governmental objective of keeping the public safe from the potential harm of firearms in state parks and forests,” The Court did not believe the regulations violated any constitutional rights.

“But that conclusion is based on the questionable notion — unsupported by reference to any evidence – that outlawing possession of firearms in an area makes law-abiding citizens safer because criminals will, for some reason, obey the regulations,” the Supreme Court majority found.

This is it in a nutshell. That’s what we keep telling gun control zealots over and over, and they still persist in pretending that somehow gun laws will somehow keep criminals from using firearms.

It won’t. We know this because of what transpires in places like New York City, where just this past weekend there was a gunfight between groups of men. No police involvement, just bad guys.

The criminals do not follow the rules, so as a result, gun laws only impact the law-abiding.

Some have argued that this line of reasoning could also be applied to any crime as only the criminals break those laws as well, which is sort of true. The difference is that guns allow the law-abiding to protect themselves. Laws against murder protect me. Laws against guns make me far more likely to be a victim.

That’s the fundamental truth that led the Delaware Supreme Court to their ruling.

At no point will rules forbidding the carrying of firearms actually make anyone safer. The idea that they will betrays a fundamental ignorance in the gun grabbers’ line of thinking. They don’t and they never will.

It’s part of why so many Second Amendment advocates refuse to visit establishments where their firearms aren’t welcome. They know that if they comply with that rule, they may well be the only one who complies with it. The violent felon with anger management issues won’t care. He’ll ignore the law and we all know it.

That leaves me and mine disarmed except for the magical thinking of people who believe these rules actually accomplish anything.

For residents of Delaware, it seems clear that their supreme court has their back. It seems their court understands that rules only inhibit the lawful and does nothing to the criminal except, at best, add another charge they can have leveled against them. If that’s the goal, so be it, but don’t pretend it’s a safety issue.

Rules like that make Americans less safe, and we all know it. If only the gun grabbers would learn that lesson rather than pontificating endlessly on just how superior they are simply because they want to disarm the average American.

How REQUIRING A Gun Impacts Crime Rates

How REQUIRING A Gun Impacts Crime Rates
Posted at 12:00 pm on March 9, 2018 by Tom Knighton
https://bearingarms.com/tom-k/2018/03/09/requiring-gun-impacts-crime-rates/?utm_source=badaily&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=nl

WordPress MaddMedic: https://wordpress.com/read/feeds/347470/posts/1790977644

Being a Georgia resident, I’m very familiar with Kennesaw, Georgia. For those of you who aren’t, it’s the city that actually requires each and every household to have a firearm.

Don’t get me wrong, the law isn’t enforced. It’s actually unenforceable. But that’s not the point. It’s a middle finger to communities that think banning guns is a good thing, and in that, it works beautifully.

However, it also has an impact on other things, such as the community’s crime rate.

While the 1982 law isn’t actually enforced, the town’s mayor spoke highly of it nonetheless.

“If you’re going to commit a crime in Kennesaw and you’re the criminal — are you going to take a chance that that homeowner is a law-abiding citizen?” asked Kennesaw Mayor Derek Easterling, reports CNN.

Lt. Craig Graydon of the Kennesaw Police Department explained the law “was meant to be kind of a crime deterrent.”

And while it’s difficult to prove a causal relationship between the law and crime in the town, Kennesaw, which boasts a population of 33,000 people, has a violent crime rate of less than 2 percent and has only had one murder in the last six years.

“We can’t say that just that gun law contributes x number of percent to why we have a low crime rate. It may be part of it, but it needs to be looked at from a whole picture,” said Graydon, who’s been with the police department for 30 years.

However, anyone with half a brain can look at one simple fact and tell the difference.

You see, about 15 minutes away from Kennesaw is Acworth, Georgia. The two communities are easy to travel between, meaning there’s no barrier for criminals to act in one but not the other.

Yet Acworth’s crime rate is higher than normal for a community of its size. What’s the difference? Kennesaw’s gun requirement law.

It’s important to remember that while the law is basically unenforceable, it serves as a warning to criminals. They recognize that the city won’t provide barriers to the private ownership of firearms. Worse, most people will try and comply with the new law. That means the majority of the people in the town are armed.

Would you want to break into a home in that town?

Of course, anti-gun activists will look at Graydon’s inability to quantify exactly what kind of an impact the law has had as evidence it might not have had any, but that’s just willful self-delusion. To say it’s had no impact is to completely ignore the reality that criminals know there are guns in almost every home in town and thus stay out.

Again, this isn’t rocket science. Criminals are like anyone else. They don’t want to get shot.

As a result, they tend to try to avoid places where there’s a high likelihood of being shot. Kennesaw, with its gun law requiring people to be armed, sure sounds like a place where a criminal’s life expectancy can rapidly approach zero. There’s no way the gun law hasn’t reduced crime.

Kennesaw is probably one of the safest communities in the country, all because of the private ownership of firearms.

God bless America!
________________________
What is an assault rifle?

Seeking Personhood: Tommy the Chimp Will Get His Day in Court – Story and Picture by Alicia Graef, October 7, 2014

TommySeeking Personhood: Tommy the Chimp Will Get His Day in Court

Story and Picture by Alicia GraefOctober 7, 20141:00 pm

Page_1_Chimp

Seeking Personhood: Tommy the Chimp Will Get His Day in Court

The Nonhuman Rights Project (NhRP) is headed back to court this week in a landmark case seeking legal personhood for a 26-year-old chimpanzee named Tommy.

Last December, the NhRP filed three groundbreaking lawsuits in New York on behalf of Tommy, and three other chimpanzees in the state that the group is seeking to have moved to a sanctuary that is part of the North American Primate Sanctuary Alliance (NAPSA). According to the group, Tommy is currently being kept alone in a “small cement cage in a dark shed in the back of a used trailer lot.”

Even if we look at Tommy’s situation and conclude it’s wrong to keep him that way, as the group noted, “one’s awareness that Tommy’s situation is not ‘right’ is in another sense meaningless because Tommy, like any number of cognitively complex, self-aware nonhuman animals, is not a being whom the law recognizes as having any legal rights. What Tommy’s ‘owners’ are doing has been considered legal since the advent of our legal system and well before.”

The NhRP filed the lawsuits under the writ of habeus corpus, which is used to challenge imprisonment and was used in a landmark case in 1772 in which a judge ruled an American slave named James Somerset was not a piece of property. Somerset’s case didn’t end legalized slavery, but it did set the stage.

In the cases for the chimpanzees, the NhRP argued, not that they are human, but that they are entitled to live with basic rights to bodily liberty and bodily integrity – that they should have the fundamental legal right not to be imprisoned based on their intelligence, self-awareness and autonomy.

As it stands, non-human animals are seen by the law as things, or property, that have no legal rights, not as persons. The legal wall that separates human animals from non-human animals is exactly what the NhRP is trying to break down. They’ll also be pursuing cases for elephants and cetaceans in the future. According to the group:

Courts recognize that a sufficient, though not necessary condition of a fundamental right like bodily liberty is the possession of certain qualities. With over half a century of scientific evidence to support our legal arguments, and affidavits submitted in support of our lawsuit by an international group of the world’s most respected primatologists, our lawsuits set out to establish that chimpanzees possess such complex cognitive abilities as autonomy, self-determination, self-consciousness, awareness of the past, anticipation of the future, and the ability to make choices; that they display complex emotions like empathy; and that they construct diverse cultures. The possession of these characteristics is sufficient to establish personhood and the consequential fundamental right to bodily liberty.

While the courts denied the writs of habeus corpus, they left the door wide open for appeals. In Tommy’s case, Judge Joseph Sise even offered words of encouragement, stating: “Good luck with your venture. I’m sorry I can’t sign the order, but I hope you continue. As an animal lover, I appreciate your work.”

According to the NhRP, the result was not surprising because changing common law is typically left up to the higher courts.

“These were the outcomes we expected. All nonhuman animals have been legal things for centuries. That is not going to change easily,” said Steven M. Wise, NhRP’s president. “What we didn’t expect, however, were the strong words of encouragement and support from the judges and their acknowledgement of the strength of our arguments. So we are now in a good position to appeal each decision to the appropriate New York Appellate Division.”

For chimpanzees, the lawsuits themselves added to more victories on their behalf following an announcement from the National Institutes of Health that it would retire most of the government owned chimps used in research and a proposal to classify them as an endangered species – both moves that would make it more difficult or impossible to keep and exploit them.

These changes are long overdue. There’s certainly no shortage of evidence to suggest chimpanzees are far more than things and that body of evidence keeps growing. A study published last month concluded that chimpanzees who are kept as pets suffer far more than we thought. Another added evidence to the argument that they pass on knowledge to each other and have unique cultures like us. The more we learn about them, the more obvious it is that we have grossly underestimated them.

This week Tommy’s case will be heard by five judges in New York’s Supreme Court. If the NhRP wins they will make history and Tommy will be moved, but whatever the outcome of the case, it’s exciting to see this new approach be taken seriously by the courts while at the same time the mere existence of these cases is forcing us to consider questioning how we see and treat other sentient species.