ENENews: Officials now say Fukushima reactor with MOX fuel “leaked directly from containment”


Officials now say Fukushima reactor with MOX fuel “leaked directly from containment” — TV: Contamination of environment was due to “failure of vessel” — Experts: This has caused additional worries because MOX is more “radioactively aggressive” due to plutonium content (VIDEO)

Published: December 18th, 2015 at 7:03 pm ET
By ENENews
http://enenews.com/officials-fukushima-reactor-mox-fuel-leaked-directly-containment-vessel-tv-radioactive-contamination-environment-caused-failure-vessel-experts-caused-additional-worries-tepco-govt-because-mox-ra

http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/english/news/20151217_27.html
NHK, Dec 17, 2015 (emphasis added): [TEPCO] says radioactive fallout that polluted the environment in mid-March of 2011 was likely caused by a leak directly from a containment vessel of the facility’s No.3 reactor. Officials… on Thursday reported their latest findings on what happened at the plant… They concluded that radioactive contamination of the environment between the night of March 14th and the 16th was likely caused not by the vent operations but failure of the vessel. They said the vessel likely lost airtightness due to heat from nuclear fuel, leading to the direct release of radioactive substances into the environment.


NHK transcript, Dec 17, 2015: [TEPCO] said the substances in one of the reactors probably leaked directly from the containment vessel… They suspect the heat of fuel caused the containment vessel to lose airtightness.

http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/press/corp-com/release/2015/1264512_6844.html
TEPCO, Dec 17, 2015: A significant release of steam from the night of March 14 to March 16, 2011 is believed to have been responsible for contamination to the surrounding environment of Fukushima Daiichi. The investigation reports that the primary containment vessels in Units 2 and 3 did likely lose leakage resistant properties by March 15 and had been in a condition where radioactive materials could leak directly from them. It is therefore presumed the environmental contamination outside Fukushima Daiichi during that period was caused by steam leakage directly from the primary containment vessels and not from the vent.

http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/press/corp-com/release/betu15_e/images/151217e0101.pdf
TEPCO, Dec 17, 2015: Leakage and release of a large amount of steam from the Unit 3 Reactor Building — The PCVs of Units 2 & 3 lost the airtightness in the end, which is confirmed by the fact that steam escaped from the Reactor Buildings. Analysis of the behavior of the pressure in the PCVs and the situation at the time of the accident has revealed that the environmental contamination from the night of March 14 to March 16 occurred by steam leakage together with radioactive materials directly from the PCVs not from the vent.

https://wikileaks.org/gifiles/attach/118/118095_Q%20Series%20-%20Nuclear%20Power.pdf
UBS Investment Research (via WikiLeaks), Apr 2011: Of particular concern was Unit 3, because, since September 2010, the plant had been fueled with mixed oxide, or MOx… Use of MOx heightened fuel risk — Fukushima Daiichi Unit 3 was fuelled with mixed oxide (MOx), which is about 93% uranium and 7% plutonium. This has caused additional worries for TEPCO and the government, because MOx is more radioactively aggressive. We think national nuclear safety reviews might consider restrictions on its use.

Watch NHK’s broadcast here

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ENENEWS: “Giant whales found piled up dead on west coast beach”

Giant whales found piled up dead on west coast beach — Second largest animals on planet — Official: “It’s never happened… Extremely unusual… Very rare and odd… We want to know why” — Gov’t scientists testing for Fukushima radiation — Backlog at lab due to so many recent deaths (PHOTOS)

 http://enenews.com/disturbing-giant-whales-found-piled-dead-west-coast-beach-official-never-happened-before-extremely-unusual-very-rare-odd-govt-scientists-testing-fukushima-radiation-photos?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+ENENews+%28Energy+News%29
Published: November 20th, 2015 at 4:55 am ET
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CKNW News Talk 980, Nov 18, 2015 (emphasis added): The Department of Fisheries and Oceans is looking into the death of three fin whales near Bella Bella on BC’s central coast… Paul Cottrel with the DFO says a multiple death like this is extremely unusual. “We just get one or two a year, and usually never in the same area like this, or on the same beach which iseven more rare. So that’s why it’s definitely a very unique situation.” He says all three whales were juvenile males, two of them likely younger than two-years-old… He says there were no bite marks on the carcasses, or any signs of boat strike either. Cottrel says the DFO conducted a necropsy, but found no obvious cause of death.

Global News, Nov 19, 2015: Questions raised after carcasses of 3 dead fin whales found near Bella Bella… “It is very rare and odd that you get three large whales together in one small area,” says Cottrell. “We want to know why it happened, whether it is a natural event, killer whale predation or something else.” Cottrell says, to his knowledge, it has never happened in B.C. before, which is a source for concern. The fin whales are listed as threatened under the Species At Risk Act… and are the second-largest animal on the planet after blue whales. “Any time you get three animals that wash up and die together and it is a threatened species, we are going to work hard to figure out what happened,” he says… “Given the location and where they ended up, all close together, we are thinking that the animals likely live stranded and died there together”…

Vancouver Sun Nov 19, 2015: The recent deaths of three young fin whales near Bella Bella are causing concern after a summer that saw an unusual spike in large whale deaths… “Fin whales are listed as threatened under the Species at Risk Act, so every animal is extremely important to the population. Seeing three together, obviously it’s disturbing and we want to find out what happened,” Cottrell said. He added that it’s very unusual for baleen whales like fins to die in groups… Samples have been taken from the whales’ stomachs and colons… The results of lab tests may take a while, though, because of a backlog caused by a pulse of large whale deaths this summer along the West Coast of North America. “We’re really working everybody pretty hard, and these three fin whales doesn’t lessen the load at all,” Cottrell said. Four humpback whales were found dead in a single week in B.C. waters in August, and as of this week, five fin whale carcasses have been discovered. One sperm whale and one grey whale have also died this year. Meanwhile, more than 30 large whales have died off the coast of Alaska. Scientists have yet to determine why so many whales have died… Scientists are also testing for radionucleotides to see if radioactivity was a factor.

Coastal Guardian Watchmen Network, Oct 27, 2015: Heiltsuk Guardian Watchmen found this large plastic tote and a tire… near Bella Bella yesterday. Tsunami debris is still arriving

From last week: “Unprecedented”: Largest animal on earth found dead on West Coast, “very sick… very emaciated” — TV: Food supply is being “killed off… many sea creatures affected” — Expert: Most whales we’ve been tracking for past two years are not doing well… “I think we’re going to see more of this” (VIDEO)

See also: Giant whales found dead up & down Pacific NW coast, scientists ‘baffled’ over surge — 25+ carcasses reported in past month — Gov’t: “Troubling… Definitely a pulse of deaths” — Experts: “Alarming spike… Exceptionally rare to see a dead humpback” — Concerns about unidentified pathogen (PHOTOS)

Published: November 20th, 2015 at 4:55 am ET
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ENENewsL Experts: The world’s never seen anything like this… We have 3 nuclear cores that hit groundwater


Major Newspapers: The big question is, where did Fukushima’s melted fuel go?… Just where is that fuel?… No one even knows where it is — Experts: The world’s never seen anything like this… We have 3 nuclear cores that hit groundwater (VIDEO)
Published: June 23rd, 2015 at 3:08 pm ET
By ENENews
http://enenews.com/ap-biggest-question-fukushimas-melted-fuel-asahi-fuel-mainichi-one-fuel-experts-nuclear-cores-hit-groundwater-could-melted-ground-world-never-case-like-fukushima-fuel-melted-fell-video?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+ENENews+%28Energy+News%29


(Photo: Shizuo Kambayashi, AP)
AP, Jun 15, 2015 (emphasis added): Four years after an earthquake and tsunami destroyed Japan’s Fukushima nuclear power plant, the road ahead remains riddled with unknowns… Experts have yet to pinpoint the exact location of the melted fuel… [T]he hardest part of the decommissioning: Removing the melted fuel from the three wrecked reactors. The biggest questions are where the melted fuel is and in what condition… experts believe the melted fuel has breached the cores and fallen to the bottom of the containment chambers, some possibly seeping into the concrete foundation.

(Photo: Shizuo Kambayashi, AP)
http://www.sfgate.com/business/energy/article/What-s-ahead-for-Japan-s-Fukushima-nuclear-plant-6323019.php

Asahi Shimbun, Jun 15, 2015: The road map also maintains the objective of starting the removal of melted fuel at one of the three reactors in 2021… However, a major problem is the uncertainty about just where that melted fuel is located.

Mainichi, Jun 15, 2015: First of all, no one knows for sure exactly what state the fuel is in or even where it is…
http://mainichi.jp/english/english/perspectives/news/20150615p2a00m0na007000c.html

Yomiuri Shimbun, Jun 15, 2015: Constantly emitting deadly radiation, melted nuclear fuel presents the biggest headache… “The world has never seen a case like Fukushima’s, where nuclear fuel melted and fell through,” IRID technology advisory committee member and University of Tokyo School of Engineering Prof. Hajime Asama said.
http://the-japan-news.com/news/article/0002179580


(Photo Courtesy AP News)
South China Morning Post, Jun 16, 2015: Scale of Fukushima clean-up revealed as decommissioning ‘road map’ is revised… [it] exposes the severity of challenges faced — Japan’s decision to revise its “road map” for the decommissioning the Fukushima nuclear plant has raised new questions about the scale of the problems that remain to be overcome… Nuclear industry analysts [say they are] trying to solve problems that had never been encountered before… “[They] set as short a schedule as possible to keep public criticism to a minimum… more of a political decision”… Even now, more than four years after the disaster, nuclear engineers can only make educated guesses as to where the molten fuel has pooled and the state it is in.
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/article/1822629/fukushima-decommissioning-plan-suffers-another-setback

Asahi Shimbun, Jun 17, 2015: Nobody [knows] the amount or exact location of melted fuel…
http://ajw.asahi.com/article/views/editorial/AJ201506170050


Dr. Gordon Edwards, physicist and court certified nuclear expert, Feb 11, 2015 (42:30 in): “The heat from the disintegrating atoms raised the temperature to 7,000°F, and the cores of 3 of those reactors melted right down to the bottom of the reactor, and some of them maybe melted right through into the ground below.”


Arnie Gundersen, Chief Engineer at Fairewinds Energy Education, World Uranium Symposium, April 2015 (21:15 in): “[Chernobyl’s] core never hit groundwater, that core stayed in the building and remained dry. We have 3 nuclear cores in contact with groundwater.”

Watch presentations: Edwards | Gundersen

ENENews: “Fukushima Worker: They’re covering up how much contamination is flowing into ocean”

Fukushima fallout on vegetation in South Florida exceeded gov’t notification limit by over 1,000% — Nearly triple the highest level reported anywhere on West Coast »

Fukushima Worker: They’re covering up how much contamination is flowing into ocean — Scientist: We are measuring higher radiation levels off Japan — Plume near California already exceeds expectations, and will keep rising for years to come — TV: “Cleanup can’t be done… They lied from the start, Tepco is a den of inequity”

Published: November 27th, 2014 at 6:50 pm ET
By ENENews
http://enenews.com/fukushima-engineer-theyre-covering-badly-groundwater-contaminated-scientist-measuring-higher-levels-japan-levels-california-already-exceed-expectations-will-keep-rising-years-tv-cleanup-be-li

RT, Nov. 19, 2014 (emphasis added):

Ken Buesseler, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: “My biggest concern is what’s going on in Japan today, and how that might… make its way across to our coast… We know it’s still leaking because we’re measuring higher levels off Japan to this day… Even just the basic question, “How much radioactivity was released at Fukushima?” I can’t answer that today. We may never be able to because of the lack of sampling… particularly in the ocean.”
Reporter: The models predict cesium levels to increase over the next 2 or 3 years.
Buesseler: “If the levels were higher, we’d be very concerned about what’s going on today… We need to be out there making measurements of what happened 3 and a half years ago and how it’s being moved across the ocean.”
Watch broadcast here
PBS interview with Buesseler: “If we get up to about 7 Bq/m³, that’s beyond what I’m actually expecting.” >> Watch here

Test results from August 2014 show that just offshore California, radioactive cesium levels have reached nearly 9 Bq/m³ (Cs-137 @ 6.9 Bq/m³; Cs-134 @ 1.7 Bq/m³). As reported above, these levels are predicted to continue to increase for years to come.

Euronews interview with Tepco engineer: “Tepco has lost the trust of the Japanese people. They are covering up how badly the groundwater has been contaminated… When there is a leak into the water around the tanks, they don’t have to say anything. The cleanup is far from finished. There is an enormous amount of radiation debris remaining. Tepco said it will take 40 years, I believe it will take far longer.” >> Watch here

Euronews interview with Naoto Matsumura, farmer who has remained in evacuation zone: “It’s been 3 years now, the situation hasn’t changed. After the explosion, nobody knew what to do. Tepco and the government didn’t know how to deal with it — yet the world still wants nuclear energy, this is ridiculous… A cleanup can’t be done. Tepco lied from the start; Tepco is a den of inequity.” >> Watch here

Published: November 27th, 2014 at 6:50 pm ET
By ENENews

NBC Nightly News: Worry at Fukushima plant — Scientist reveals “increased” amounts of radioactive groundwater have started flowing into ocean — Contamination levels in marine life to start rising — “Other countries are worried” (VIDEO) September 25, 2013
Expert: “Can’t be changed & can’t be stopped”; Radioactive Fukushima water will continually enter ocean — Significant ‘discreet leaks’ recently — West Coast “should be alarmed” at lack of testing—Levels rising for 2 years & expected to increase January 24, 2014
“Big Problem”: Cracked floors in Fukushima reactors leaking into groundwater that’s rising and rising and rising due to Tepco wall — “Can no longer be stopped from getting in ocean” — “Worse than that… buildings now on mushy land” (AUDIO) August 28, 2013
New TEPCO footage shows smoke/steam rising from reactor buildings — (AERIAL VIDEOS) April 16, 2011
TV: “Massive radioactivity release” at Fukushima going on for almost 3 years now; Visible steam “just the tip of the iceberg” — NHK: Containment vessels are ‘broken’

The Forbes Article Shows That Back in July, 2011, Decision Was Made To Deceive Americans on Health Issues!

Forbes: Biophysicist casts critical light on gov’t assurances that Americans were never at risk from Fukushima fallout — I watched officials attempt to minimize public alarm
Published: July 10th, 2011 at 7:23 am ET
By ENENews

http://enenews.com/forbescom-leading-biophysicist-casts-critical-light-govt-reassurances-americans-never-risk-fukushima-fallout

Harm from Fukushima Radiation: A Matter Of Perspective, Forbes, July 9, 2011:

A leading biophysicist has cast a critical light on the government’s reassurances that Americans were never at risk from Fukushima fallout, saying “we really don’t know for sure.”

When radioactive fallout from Japan’s nuclear disaster began appearing in the United States this spring, the Obama Administration’s open-data policy obligated the government to inform the public, in some detail, what was landing here.

Covering the story, I watched the government pursue what appeared to be two strategies to minimize public alarm:

1. It framed the data with reassurances like this oft-repeated sentence from the EPA: “The level detected is far below a level of public health concern.” The question, of course, is whose concern.

2. The EPA seemed to be timing its data releases to avoid media coverage. […]

Hillary Clinton signed a pact… saying she agreed there are no problems with Japanese food… So we are not sampling this material as it comes into the country, because our government has made a decision to downplay it.

Emergency radiation testing used at Democrat and Republican conventions after Fukushima; Also for Obama Inauguration — Seafood, meat, vegetables, milk, water checked for nuclear waste, while top officials agree to publicly downplay crisis — 80% of milk samples by Orlando, FL had ‘significant’ Cs-137
Published: November 5th, 2014 at 3:00 pm ET
By ENENews
http://enenews.com/emergency-govt-network-radiation-testing-food-supply-democrat-republican-conventions-after-fukushima-obama-inauguration-seafood-meat-fruits-vegetables-milk-water-all-checked-radiological-contami?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+ENENews+%28Energy+News%29

New York State Department of Health’s Wadsworth Center, Aug. 2012 (emphasis added): The Wadsworth Center, which has already tested milk samples in preparation for the upcoming national political conventions, has now been asked to test additional samples of other foods from the sites during the conventions. In August and September, during the conventions… labs will test water, lettuce, orange juice and shrimp for radiological contamination. The labs will also be testing for… radiation in various meat products… These surveillance activities are part of the Food Emergency Response Network‘s (FERN) ongoing preparations for the Republican Convention… and the Democratic Convention… The labs will be testing for… iodine-131 [Half life = 8 days], cesium-137 and other… sources of radiation. Should any contaminants be identified… laboratories across the nation could be called on to test large quantities of samples… Wadsworth’s initial role in the role in the political convention preparation exercises was to measure evidence of radioactive isotopes Iodine-131 and Cesium-137 in milk prior to the conventions.

Florida Milk

NY Dept. of Health & Dept. of Environmental Health Sciences, Apr 30, 2014: New York State is located over 10,000 km from [Fukushima]… Yet even at this distance, our laboratory easily identified 131I and 134, 137Cs [and] was among the laboratories which received an assignment to protect food during the Democratic and Republican political conventions in the U.S. in 2012… the laboratory tested 20 milk samples from Florida. Phase II consisted of radiological food testing at the Republican National Convention held in Tampa… as well as the Democratic National Convention… [We] tested 33 samples of lettuce and meat… In addition, the laboratory was involved in radiological testing of food for the Presidential Inauguration in January, 2013… for fission products of interest: 103,106Ru, 131I, and 134,137Cs… 137Cs [was detected] in 9 out of 20 milk samples from Florida… These levels… do not pose any significant health hazard… The contribution from 137Cs in Florida milk is significant… The presence of cesium in Florida milk was found to be a remnant from nuclear fallout following atmospheric testing [Note that Florida had the highest level of radioactive material from Fukushima measured anywhere in world outside Japan].

Nuclear expert Arnie Gundersen interview by SolarIMG: I know someone very highly placed in the State Dept., and the US government has come up with a decision… at the highest levels… to downplay Fukushima… Hillary Clinton signed a pact… saying she agreed there are no problems with Japanese food… So we are not sampling this material as it comes into the country, because our government has made a decision to downplay it.

See also: Forbes: Biophysicist casts critical light on gov’t assurances that Americans were never at risk from Fukushima fallout — I watched officials attempt to minimize public alarm

Published: November 5th, 2014 at 3:00 pm ET
By ENENews
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Latest from ENEnews: Radiation Levels Have Surged 100,000% of Previous Record High!

Radiation levels have surged at Fukushima plant — 100,000% of previous record high — TV: “Officials say they don’t know the cause… Typhoon may be to blame” (VIDEO)
Published: October 26th, 2014 at 12:03 pm ET
By ENENews

NHK Transcript, Oct. 24, 2014 (h/t Deep13th Nuclear Waste Info): [TEPCO] says it has found high levels of radioactive cesium in groundwater in the compound. Officials at TEPCO say a recent typhoon may be the cause… TEPCO officials say water taken on Wednesday from a well had 460,000 becquerels of cesium per liter (Bq/l)… another well contained 424,000 becquerels. Officials say those levels are 800 to 900 times the previous peak. The wells are several meters west of the No. 2 reactor… The utility plans to treat the tainted groundwater and discharge it into the ocean, but local people strongly oppose the plan…

subdrains

NHK, Oct. 24, 2014: High levels of radiation found at Fukushima plant… TEPCO officials say they don’t know what caused the rise. They speculate a recent typhoon may be to blame.

TEPCO — Daily Situation at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (Japanese), Oct. 24, 2014:

> Sub-drain No. 18, Oct. 22, 2014

Cs134: 9.4×104 Bq/l (94,000,000 Bq/m3) — Previous Peak: 140000 Bq/m3 (+67,000%)
Cs137: 3.3×105 Bq/l (330,000,000 Bq/m3) — Previous Peak: 340000 Bq/m3 (+97,000%)
> Sub-drain No. 19, Oct. 22, 2014

Cs134: 1.0×105 Bq/l (100,000,000 Bq/m3) — Previous Peak: 150000 Bq/m3 (+66,000%)
Cs137: 3.6×105 Bq/l (360,000,000 Bq/m3) — Previous Peak: 350000 Bq/m3 (+102,000%)
Watch NHK’s broadcast here